The Fairbanks House, built around 1636, is the oldest extant timber frame structure in the northeastern United States. The house was built by settler Jonathan Fairbanks for his family when they moved to Dedham, Massachusetts. The family grew and the house was passed from generation to generation until it was turned into a museum in 1905. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966 and was deemed a National Historic Landmark in 1960.
BCA conducted archival research and completed a Historic Structure Report. The Historic Structure Report documented the complex architectural history of the building using dendrochronology, paint analysis, and the detailed study of the surviving historic building fabric - framing timbers, sheathing boards and nails. BCA also analyzed the current conditions of the Fairbanks House which has been used to prioritize restoration work for the building.